Parts of Skateboard | A complete Guideline about Parts of Skateboard

Parts of Skateboard | A complete Guideline about Parts of Skateboard

There are eight main parts of Skateboard and some sub-components.

Skateboarding is a sport that requires coordination, balance with good timing, and the ability to use a skateboard. Skaters have many options regarding the kind of Skateboard they can ride, and each part of the Skateboard has an essential purpose.

Skateboarding is an extreme sport popular across the United States using sports skateboards, which are a type of skateboarding. It is a narrow, oblong-shaped wood board that skateboarders use to perform manoeuvres and tricks.

What are the components of a Skateboard? Skateboards generally comprise three main parts. The skateboard components are trucks, the deck and the wheels.

These eight components comprise the essential elements that perform their primary function on the Skateboard. Technically speaking, skateboards include 12 different parts, each is a particular role and purpose.

All Parts of Skateboard

Below is a detailed guide on the main parts of a skateboard.

Deck

skateboard deck

The Skateboard’s deck is a wooden platform where the skater sits down and fixes other components.

They come in various sizes and shapes. However, most popsicle-shaped skateboards have a kick at the front and a tail.

Skateboard decks are characterized by subtle differences which distinguish between the side (the front) and the back (the tail), which means they’re not entirely the same.

The deck also has a sort of concave as well as the deck has a gentler or more end-to-end curve, such as camber or rocker.

In general, narrow skateboards are more agile and flip more quickly, but it is less stable. On the other hand, a wider board offers stability, but it is more challenging to navigate.

If you’re buying an initial skateboard, lay various boards on your ground and select the slightly smaller one than your foot’s width.

Also, if your heels meet on the other side, your toes should extend off the other side by about an inch.

A typical deck is constructed out of seven sheets made up of 1/16 inch thick maple veneer laminated with PVA glue, then formed into a unique shape.

Truck

skateboard truck

A skating track is a piece of equipment that connects the skateboard deck to the wheels with the rear and front axles on the part. A typical skateboard truck includes nine components: the bottom plate, top plate, lower bushings, axle nuts, speed rings, full washer, top bushing, and Kingpin nuts.

The most effective skateboard vehicles require the same size that the skating board. Skateboarders need to ensure that skateboard trucks are not more significant than the deck. If not, your centre of gravity can shift towards the edge of your skateboard deck.

Here are some suggestions to ensure that you have skateboard trucks that best work for your Skateboard. 

For starters, trucks with an axle width of 7.875 inches or 8.125 inches will work with an 8-inch skateboard deck. A car with a +or- 0.25 inches of the wide margin of the axle may work, but we don’t recommend this kind of configuration.

When it comes to the size of trucks for skateboarding, they are classified into three kinds: standard trucks, high trucks, and low trucks. In terms of the significant problems with this type, the skateboarders are at risk of battling the squeaky and crooked trucks.

Wheels

skateboard wheels

Skateboard wheels are the ones your board is rolling on. They are usually composed of polyurethane. Their hardness and size determine them. 

The wheels you choose will affect how your skate accelerates as it turns and moves. The most suitable wheels for you will be determined by the skating you’re looking to do. 

Small wheels are slower and are better in street skates, whereas larger wheels are more efficient and ideal for skating vert and cruising. Wheels are also rated according to the Durometer A Scale, which determines their hardness using an index of 1-100. 

If you want to cruise in a relaxed manner, go for the softest wheel (78a-87a) that can be used on rough surfaces. When you’re going to skate on the streets, consider an even more complex and more powerful wheel that is still grippy (88a-95a). 

Want to plan to skate on the streets, parks, ramps, pools, and ramps, pick wheels balanced between grip and speed.

Grip Tape

skateboard grip tape
Black skateboard on off white background mockup

This grip tape has a top like sandpaper, which helps the skateboarder grip the Skateboard.

Grip tape refers to the coarse self-adhesive covering put on the upper deck. Its goal is to give grip when riding. Grip tape is available in various colours and designs. 

Additional accessories are available to be incorporated into the core components of skateboards, like risers that alter what height the boards are about the ground. 

These accessories aren’t necessary to the board’s design in any way. However, they could be a means to alter the look and performance.

Bearings

skateboard bearings
Photo of steel skateboard bearings

The Skateboard’s bearings are round metal disks that rest in between wheels. They function as a connection with the wheel. The discs’ outer and inner spaces are inside the balls, which allow wheels to turn.

Two bearings are employed in the skateboard wheel. Skateboarders may use a spacer to close the gap between them when they require it. If the axle nuts are tightened, this small steel cylinder prevents the bearings from getting drawn into the middle of the wheels and getting destroyed. 

In addition, when you use spacers, your bearings will be in a parallel line to each other. Additionally, spacers are of significant importance when the skateboard wheels are spongy.

The standard skateboard bearings comprise balls, ball cages, the outer ring, and the inner rings. When discussing the most effective Skateboard bearings, skateboarders refer to that they have an ABEC rating. 

The ABEC rating is often viewed as a metric for the quality of this component. But the common misconception of many is that the higher the ABEC rating means that it is better high-quality bearings.

Hardware

skateboard hardware

Skateboard hardware consists of bolts, nuts and screws that secure trucks to the board. The hanger supports the axle nuts that help to keep the wheels attached to the Skateboard. 

Bushings let your trucks rotate, with more robust bushings that provide more rigid movement and soft bushings more tolerant of pressure. The kingpins (the bolts that join your hanger and base plate) can change the dimensions of the trucks. 

The kingpins that are shorter have smaller trucks that bring the skater further away from the floor and are typically famous for street skateboarding and skateboard trick tricks. 

Longer kingpins indicate that the trucks are situated higher, allowing room for bigger wheels often found on longboards and cruisers.

Bushing

skateboard bushing

Every truck is equipped with two bushings, which are the parts that allow the Skateboard to rotate.

The bushings are tiny rubber cups that pivot depending on whether the skateboarder is leaning to the left or right.

They are sandwiched between the baseplate and the hanger, i.e., the steel components of any skateboard.

The bolt holds the hanger and bushings onto the Kingpin, which can be adjusted by tightening or loosening it to control the speed with which the board spins.

Bushings come in a variety of degrees of hardness based on riding conditions.

Heavy and technical riders typically prefer stiffer bushings. Cruisers and skaters who are light prefer smooth bearings to make it easier to turn.

Bushings could be required to be replaced if they wear out and start cracking.

Axle

skateboard axle

These axles are referred to as hanger shafts, which join the two wheels of each truck. They are secured via axle nuts.

They vary from 193 to 254 millimetres and establish the norm for measuring trucks.

As a guideline, the length of the axle should be positioned to put the wheels within one-quarter of an inch from the edge of the deck.

Skateboard wheels must be able to run smoothly on their wheels.

Sub Components

These are some subparts of skateboarding.

Bolts

Trucks are connected to the deck via bolts.

The deck has two sets of holes that are drilled in the floor. Eight bolts are used to secure the trucks to the deck.

They can be looser to allow for easier turning but ensure they’re secure enough to ensure that you can’t undo the screws with your fingers.

Baseplate

It is a flat, sturdy base plate with machine-drilled holes that attach to the Skateboard’s deck.

Kingpin

The Kingpin is an enormous threaded pin or bolt that extends out into the baseplate.

The hanger is attached to the opposite end of the Kingpin.

Hanger

It’s a T-shaped piece of metal that can withstand all the abuse. It is the most robust and heavy component of the Skateboard.

Its typically made of steel. However, there are other lighters, more substantial, and more expensive alloys.

This hanger is home to the axles, extending and including both wheels.

Washers

The majority of skateboards made in skate shops include two washers that fit between the axle’s nuts and between the hanger’s outer bearings.

Washers make wheels spin more smoothly.

Conclusion

What are the different parts of skateboards? As mentioned earlier, the Skateboard comprises three main parts: the truck, the deck, and the wheels. Each component has specific details, each with its distinct purpose. Every piece of the Skateboard plays an essential role in the overall operation of the Skateboard. We must upgrade and tweak these components to ensure the boards and their smooth functioning.

I hope this article will give you sufficient information about the structure of the Skateboard. If you have found this article helpful, please feel free to share this article and leave a comment. Make sure you are safe to skate!


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John Lashley
By John Lashley

I am John Lashley from United States. Founder & Content writer at Boarding Vela. I’m bored sports enthusiast. I’ve been skateboarding streets since I was about 10. Also I’ve experimented with longboarding & downhill. As to this site my goal is to help beginner riders to find the right equipment and everything about Skateboarding. Everything that I write here is my own opinion



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