What is a longboard Skateboard? Difference between Longboard and Skateboard

What is a longboard Skateboard? Difference between Longboard and Skateboard

A longboard is a type of Skateboard. It’s typically more significant than the standard Skateboard and can be found in various designs. 

It is generally quicker due to its size, construction materials, and specific hardware. Longboards are often employed for cruising, traveling, and downhill races referred to in Longboard. 

Longboard dancing and freestyle are becoming increasingly well-known styles. Where the rider moves like a skateboard and moves across and down the board, usually in a fluid way.

The technical definition of a “longboard” is a massive skateboard length of 38 to 60 inches (96-152 centimeters).

what is longboard

Longboard wheels are larger (60-80 millimeters) and are softer (durometer hardness between 78 and 82). Which means an easy ride with less snagging on cracks in the sidewalk.

The majority of the conventional, standard-sized skateboard makers and brands have models for longboards in their portfolios.

History of Longboard

Longboards first appeared designed by Preston Nichols in the 1940s and 50s to offer alternative options to surfing if the waves were dull. 

Skaters of the past constructed unsafe, improvised boards made of planks of wood and roller skates as part of a technique called Sidewalk Surfing. Manufactured longboards were first produced commercially accessible in 1959 when Makaha, Jack’s, and Hobie were one of the very first longboard distributors. 

These first longboards were somewhat primitive since they were still equipped with metal wheels and later clay wheels because of improved safety measures. Longboarding was a popular sport in the latter half of 1950 and into the early 1960s, but it declined by 1965. 

history of longboard

Longboarding returned in 1972 when the late Frank Nasworthy and the Cadillac Wheel Company introduced the longboard wheel made of urethane. Urethane wheels let skaters attain breakneck downhill speeds that weren’t possible before. 

They also introduced reverse kingpins (RKP) also increased stability for skaters. The origin of reverse kingpins remains unknown; However, Randal and Variflex both used RKPs. Reverse kingpin trucks were advertised and were featured in Skateboarder Magazine in 1979. 

The reverse kingpin truck increased flexibility and stability, which made downhill longboarding develop into an official sport recognized by the International Gravity Sports Association (IGSA) as the supreme body. 

The 1990s also saw the debut of the cutting deck that has sections cut around the wheels to stop the wheels from hitting the board during fast turns. Longboard technology has advanced rapidly to allow for unique skating styles, including downhill, slalom, freeriding dancing, freestyle, and drop. 

Longboard Dimensions

dimension of longboard

The majority of boards are 84 to 150 millimeters (33 to 59 inches) in length. Widths vary between 22.8 and 25.4 millimeters (9.0 and 10.0 inches). 

Many longboard designs include pintails, swallowtails, and Flat-nose rider’s drop decks and boards that share the same form as an ordinary skateboard. 

Pintails can accommodate more slack trucks and larger wheels, which are more suitable for carving or a “smooth” feel. At the same time, drop decks, and drop-through let the rider sit closer to the floor, resulting in having a lower center of gravity. 

This improves the board’s stability and allows it to be used for more fast downhill riding. Mid-length boards, from 94 to 127cm (37 to 50 inches), tend to be more adaptable. 

Their weight and bulk make them unsuitable for various skateboarding moves, but they help create an effortless motion because they provide more incredible speed. The Longboard’s design permits long turns or fast short carvings similar to the movements of snowboarders and surfers. 

Longboards come with three axes: The tail axis (running between the tail and the tail) and the center axis (running straight down the middle of the board) as well as the shorter axis (running across the length of the board in a straight line parallel to tail).

Longboard Components

There are some significant parts of a longboard. Below is the detailed guide about Longboard parts.

Deck

longboard decks

Longboard decks are generally constructed from plywood, ranging between two to eleven layers, each typically about 2 millimeters (0.079 in) in thickness, made of bamboo, birch, maple, and koa as oak. 

Longboards are available commercially in a wide range of sizes and shapes. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages.

Decks designed for downhill riding tend to be stiff and have a wheelbase of 30 “-28”. Designers and manufacturers strive to make their boards as light and stiff as possible.

Specific boards are made for flex. Flexible panels are typically designed for riding at a slower speed. As speed increases, an elongated board could be torsional, which is the main reason for speed wobbles. 

Fiberglass is used in various new boards that are flexible because it is lighter than carbon fiber but it is more flexible.

The decks of longboards are designed to bow down across all the way. They may also feature an upward bend across the length of the boards.

Decks are constructed with other materials than wood. The kinds and the quality of wood have increased with time, and in recent years numerous different “superior” materials have come into use. 

Carbon fiber, aluminum, and fiberglass are only a few of the newer materials. Fiberglass and carbon fiber can be used to build up or replace wood decks due to their higher strength-to-weight ratios.

Wheels

wheels of longboard

The majority of longboard wheels are composed of urethane. The performance of the longboard wheel is defined by five factors, including lip size, height as well as the contact patch durometer, and the setting of the hub. 

The typical longboard wheel ranges between 65 and 107 millimeters (2.6 to 4.2 in) in diameter. A giant wheel has less acceleration, but it will also have a more incredible wheel speed. 

The smaller wheels have the reverse result. The durometer of the wheel determines what the hardness of the urethane material is. Eventually, a softer wheel is slower than a more rigid wheel on a smooth road. 

If the road surfaces become rougher, a wheel with a softer cover will give you a smoother, quicker experience. The most efficient Duro for a typical road is about 80a. Softer wheels offer more grip than the harder ones on any road.

Fishtail

longboard fishtail

The shape of the fishtail or pintail can be used to stop the wheels come into touch with the floor (called “wheel bite”) while still allowing plenty of foot space. The most common use for fishtails is for high-mounted trucks. They can also be excellent for cruising boards.

Cruiser

A standard deck design, these are similar to regular skateboards in that they feature the “kick-tail” on the back. The significant difference is that the trucks are more extensive than standard skateboards. 

Additionally, the wheels could be more extensive and softer than the standard skateboard wheels. The bushings are more flexible, which gives the skater the capability to spin (carve) and move more effectively. 

The boards with these bushings are much more likely to trigger “wheel-bite.”

Trucks

longboard trucks
A metal truck skate over a white background

Trucks are the turning mechanism that joins wheel wheels for the Longboard to the deck. They come in various styles and sizes, with larger trucks resulting in an increased turning circle. 

They make us that the rider’s feet and body rotate the board by pivoting a joint located in between the trucks. There are two main types of longboard-specific trucks reverse kingpin trucks and traditional skateboards (vertical Kingpin). 

Traditional skateboards have the Kingpin located on the axle’s inside (towards the middle of the board). In contrast, reverse kingpins have the Kingpin situated on the axle’s outside (towards the tail and nose).

Bushings

Longboard bushings are among the easiest things to replace on a truck to alter the feeling of the way it turns. Bushings are generally made from polyurethane and are available in various forms and Durometers (hardness). 

The most common types of bushings are cones and barrels. Barrels with a broader shape are considered to have more excellent stability and rebound, whereas cones having a narrower profile permit more excellent turns and lower rebound. 

The strength of the bushing affects its properties. A more robust bushing (such as one that has ratings of around 97A) is much more challenging to turn off than a softer bushing (something about 78A). 

The kind of washers used on the bushing could significantly affect the characteristics of the bushing.

Bearings

longboard bearings
Photo of steel skateboard bearings

Longboard bearings focus on eliminating frictions that are unnecessary to permit perfect stunts. Directions connect the wheel and allow it to spin smoothly. Paths can be constructed of various materials, such as steel (the most common), titanium, and ceramics. 

Ceramic bearings are among the most expensive. Bearings are generally rated using the ABEC scale. The scale is rated from 1 to 9 with the odd number only. The higher the rating, the more precise tolerances the bearing is manufactured to. 

An ABEC rating is not mandatory; however, not every bearing has ABEC ratings. Certain companies may use different methods to define the bearings’ strength and durability. 

Longboarders can also add spacers for bearings between the bearings inside the wheels. This allows the axle bolt to be tightened to a minor degree to eliminate the high-frequency wobbles and prolong the life of the wheels.

Difference b/w Longboard & Skateboard

There are some differences between Longboard and Skateboard.

Many people are confused by longboards and skateboards. They could appear like. In actuality, a longboard is a different kind of Skateboard. It is an extended skateboard. Skateboard makers make these boards in various styles to suit different needs. You can also enjoy multiple riding experiences riding longboards.

Size difference

Longboards are usually more significant than standard ones. Skateboards are typically between 28 and 34 inches in length, with a width of 7-10 inches longboards generally are between 35 and 60 inches in length, with 9 to 10 inches in width. Longboards that are longer and broader help keep you in balance, especially for newbies.

They appear distinct. Skateboards are distinctive, curving upwards on both ends, while longboards come of various shapes or boards similar to long skateboards. They don’t have curving at either end, but they have two narrow strips on each end, making them much easier to maneuver.

Wheels difference

Longboards are larger and have softer wheels than standard skateboards. Which means they can travel faster and provide a strong shock absorption capacity suitable for various rugged terrains. They have smaller wheels that better control speed and make it easier to perform tricks.

Since the longer board is more extensive, it is more stable, and therefore you will require more excellent balance skills than more miniature skateboards. Longboards provide more room and comfort for people with larger feet. You also can take a more rounded range of motion on the Longboard and, consequently, have a more stable balance than a standard skateboard.

Conclusion

We hope you will be clear about the difference b/w longboard and Skateboard. In this article, we try to write a detailed guideline about longboards and their components.


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John Lashley
By John Lashley

I am John Lashley from United States. Founder & Content writer at Boarding Vela. I’m bored sports enthusiast. I’ve been skateboarding streets since I was about 10. Also I’ve experimented with longboarding & downhill. As to this site my goal is to help beginner riders to find the right equipment and everything about Skateboarding. Everything that I write here is my own opinion



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