What is an Electric Skateboard? A complete Guide about electric Skateboard

What is an Electric Skateboard? A complete Guide about electric Skateboard

Electric Skateboard, also known as the electric longboard, is a modified version of a skateboard that is driven through an electric motor, the force of which is usually controlled using electronic remote control. 

Like a traditional skateboard, the board is controlled by the person riding it, shifting their weight. The remote control can be used for acceleration and stopping. 

The skateboards and the remote controls are available in a variety of sizes and models.

Most often, they’re referred to as electric skateboards. However, you’ll find them being known by many different names. Here are some that are all the same.

  • eBoard
  • eSkateboard
  • eSkate
  • Motorized Skateboard
  • Remote-controlled Skateboard
  • Electric longboard

Electric skateboards function identical to regular skateboards, except that they are powered by a battery motor that causes the wheels to spin. 

By using a remote that is hand-held, you can alter how fast the Skateboard moves and reduce it using the brakes built-in. You can still steer how the boards move by leaning the side to the other, but you don’t have to push against your ground to make it move.

Parts of Electric Skateboard

Below are explain the main parts of an Electric Skateboard.

Basic Components

These are the essential components of an Electric Skateboard.

Deck

electric skateboard deck

Decks are the most significant element that makes up your electronic Skateboard. It’s the platform that, along with the board you’re sitting on while riding it. 

Usually, the deck is constructed of wood. The industry standard decks typically comprise between 3 and 12 pieces of hardwood (e.g., maple wood) that are laminated together and then compressed to form a concave. 

Some deck builders use layers (or the ply) of carbon or fiberglass to increase strength and stiffness. Sometimes companies or do-it-yourself-skateboard-builders build their entire decks out of fiberglass or carbon. 

When the board is constructed made of carbon or fiberglass, it will be lighter, stronger, and last longer. But, to my mind, wood is fine too. The deck’s bottom is typically painted or printed with a design created by the manufacturer.

Trucks

electric skateboard truck

The trucks are made of steel and form the central point of your board. They move the body’s weight off the deck to wheels and bearings. There is another crucial aspect the truck can turn into! 

They are made of several parts, including the hanger, baseplate, bushings, kingpin, and axle. The truck is among the most critical components of the Skateboard as it will, in a way, decide how your Skateboard is going to ride.

Wheels

electric skateboard wheels

Without wheels, the electric Skateboard won’t be able to function. Wheels transfer the weight of the trucks onto the pavement. They’re typically made from polyurethane. 

They are available in various sizes, shapes, and colors to match different kinds of boarding and skating. The larger diameters (50-90 millimeters) are faster to roll and accelerate less quickly and can move more easily through gaps in pavement. 

The smaller diameters (40-54 millimeters) allow the board to be close to the ground, use less energy to accelerate, have lower centers of gravity, and are also designed for the slower top speed.

Bearings

electric skateboard bearings
The ball bearing isolated on white background.

Each wheel is attached to its axle using two bearings. They are generally made from steel and sometimes made of silicon nitride, which is a high-tech ceramic. Bearings perform the magic. Without them, we’d not be able to glide across the pavements. They are among the most vital and delicate components of our committee.

Maintaining the bearings’ condition is vital. This is a must, which includes regular cleaning and lubrication. Bearings that have not been maintained are less efficient, have lower longevity, and will have to be replaced more frequently. Kits for cleaning and maintaining bearings are available on the market.

Grip tape

electric skateboard grip tape

Grip tape is paper with an adhesive side and a smooth surface that resembles fine sandpaper on the opposite side. 

Without it, there would not be sufficient friction for transferring all of your motions and forces from your feet onto the deck. 

Grip tape is affixed to the board’s surface to permit the rider to remain on the board even when they are performing braking, acceleration, turn and trick tricks. 

Grip tape is typically black, but it is available in different colors too. It is also possible to make the grip portion of the deck translucent. Apply sand onto the deck, and then fix it using glue spray.

Mechanical Components

There are some mechanical components of an electric skateboard.

Motor

electric skateboard motor

Motors are among the most crucial components of an electric longboard. It’s what allows electric skateboarding to be so easy. There are two primary kinds of motors:

  • Hub motor
  • Belt motor

Hub Motor

Its motor for hubs is situated in the wheel. It’s hushed but not as noisy as belt motors. It is also very discreet. If you plan to drive your Skateboard electric in areas that aren’t allowed, the hub motor is perhaps the best choice. But there are some disadvantages also. Due to its location, it is vulnerable to concussions.

Further, the motor of the hub is contained within the wheel. It is well-known that motors generate a lot of heat. The motor’s temperature isn’t very well-designed. Air cannot pass into the engine. To assist the motor in cooling, its casing is drilled to let air flow through it. Due to this hole, the entire motor is not waterproof. We must be aware when driving through wet roads and beware of Puddles.

Belt Motor

Belt motors are the most classic and dependable motor used in electric skateboards. How it works is an electric motor pulling the pulley of the motor. 

The motor pulley is connected via an incline belt connected to the wheel pulley. The design is similar to the motor used in a bicycle or motorbike. 

The construction is more open to the air, and the motor doesn’t require additional cooling. The motor isn’t equipped with holes in its case, making it more water-resistant than the hub motor.

Electric Components

There are some electric components also of an electric skateboard.

Battery

electric skateboard battery

The battery is the storage mechanism for energy in the electric Skateboard. It provides the motor with energy. The battery is by far the heaviest element in an electronic skateboard. 

The larger the battery, the more power we have. They come in various varieties, shapes, forms, and chemistry. The most commonly used battery on electric skateboards is a Lithium-ion battery.

Electronic Speed Controller (ESC)

The ESC is the brain of an electric skating board. It controls the amount of power the battery will provide to the motor. It connects to the battery, motor, and Bluetooth receiver and has a computer to process the data. 

The ESC receives information from the Bluetooth receiver when we select to accelerate with the controller and draw the appropriate energy from it to the motor.

Remote Control

electric skateboard remote control

You can control the speed of your remote controller. There are many types of remote controllers. 

Some remote controllers have a sliding button that you press forward to accelerate and reverse for stopping. Some RCs have a pull trigger that you use with your index finger to open and close the throttle. 

Others require you to remove the throttle from its position for braking. Different ones have a slide wheel that allows you to adjust the speed.

Bluetooth Transmitter & Receiver

Bluetooth has made it possible to transmit signals wirelessly, an advantage for electric skateboarding. 

We can now hold the remote control in our hands without worrying about wires. The Bluetooth transmitter is found inside the controller. It sends a signal back to the Bluetooth receiver. 

This allows wireless communication between your remote control and the electric Skateboard,

Additional Components of Electric Skateboard

Below are some additional parts of an electric Skateboard.

Lights

You want to be visible by pedestrians, cars, motorbikes, bikes, and motorbikes in the morning, evening, or night. You can attach red and white LED backlights to your board for safety.

Nose Guard

You can buy nose and tail protectors to protect the nose or tail. These are usually made of plastic. They come in a variety of shapes and colors.

Extra Battery

Many brands of electric skateboards offer boards with removable batteries. You can use your battery until it is fully charged and then switch to a new one. Most boards come with only one battery. An extra battery can be handy if you can’t charge your board frequently. You may also need more juice for extended trips or riding over long distances.

Wheel Guards

Mudguards are recommended for electric skateboards that you use in the rain. Mud/wheel guards will ensure that you don’t get wet, muddy, or dirty clothes after a rain ride.

Rain Wheels

Unique wheels can be purchased for riding on the wet or rainy pavement. “Harfang wheels, for example, are made to drain water from the wheels.

Conclusion

The electric Skateboard offers a novel way to transport people around town without polluting the natural environment. Electric skateboards are becoming more affordable due to technological advances. They are becoming more and more popular each year.

I hope you now understand the electric Skateboard & workings of an electric skateboard. I hope my blog post helped you better understand the anatomy of electric skateboards. I’d love to hear your suggestions and general feedback. I would greatly appreciate it!


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John Lashley
By John Lashley

I am John Lashley from United States. Founder & Content writer at Boarding Vela. I’m bored sports enthusiast. I’ve been skateboarding streets since I was about 10. Also I’ve experimented with longboarding & downhill. As to this site my goal is to help beginner riders to find the right equipment and everything about Skateboarding. Everything that I write here is my own opinion



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