What is skateboard? A complete Guide about Skateboard

What is skateboard? A complete Guide about Skateboard

A skateboard is a kind of sporting equipment made for skating. They typically consist of a specially-designed 7 to 8 plywood maple wood deck and polyurethane wheels connected to the underside of the deck by two skateboard trucks.

The skateboarder can move by pushing one foot while the other remains firmly on the board. This can be done using pumping one’s legs through structures like bowls or half pipes. The Skateboard may be utilized simply by standing on the deck at a lower slope while allowing gravity to propel the Skateboard and the rider. 

If the rider’s dominant foot is the right is said to be “goofy;” when the rider’s leading foot is left, and they choose to be “regular.” If the person riding is regular but decides to go in a goofy manner (or in reverse), it is believed to be riding in a “switch”. 

what is skateboard?
Best Skateboard

The skater is usually more comfortable pushing using their back foot, whereas choosing to push using their front foot is typically called riding “mongo” and is associated with negative stigmas of style and effectiveness within the skateboarding world.

What is Skate Board – Complete Guide

Since the beginning of 2000, electronic skateboards have come out. They do not require skating of the board by foot power; instead, an electric motor drives the Skateboard, powered via an electrical battery.

There isn’t a governing body that has issued any guidelines on what constitutes a skating board or its components. In the past, the Skateboard has been adapted to the latest fashions and the constantly evolving variety of tricks performed by the riders or users who require certain functions from their Skateboard. 

what is skateboard?
Skatebord for beginners

The shape of the board depends on its intended purpose. Longboards are a kind of Skateboard with a larger wheelbase length plus larger soft wheels.

The two primary types of skateboards include the short board and the longboard. Its shape is important. The Skateboard has to be concave to perform tricks. Longboards tend to be faster and are generally utilized for racing and cruising, and short boards are mainly utilized for tricks and skating in skate parks.

Following are the history of Skateboard and all of its important accessories used in Skateboard.

History of Skateboard

Skateboarding was started in California in 1950. The skateboards first appeared made of Roller skates (attached to the board). Skateboarding became popular because of surfing. Skateboarding was first described in the form of “sidewalk surfing”. 

The skateboards were made using planks and boxes made of wood by people. Skateboard manufacturers began manufacturing them in 1959, as the sport gained popularity. There was an open society in postwar America, and children were playing on the streets. Boards also continued to change as companies attempted to make them stronger, lighter and better performing.

Skateboarding is an extremely personal activity that continues to develop. Since 2000, skateboarding has been brought to the forefront thanks to media attention and products such as skateboarding video games, skateboards for children, and commercialization. 

What is skateboard? A complete Guide

As more money and interest has been poured into skateboarding and skate parks, more skate parks and advanced skateboards have become accessible. Furthermore, the ongoing demand for skateboarding has pushed companies to keep on innovating and inventing new ideas. Skateboarding was featured as the only sport at the 2020 Summer Olympics.

Parts of Skateboard

The following descriptions describe the skateboard components commonly used in modern and popular styles of skateboarding. Many components are available with a unique or unusual design.

A classic skateboard is comprised from the top of the deck (often with grip tape placed on top to increase the traction) trucks (with bushings made of urethane), and wheel (with seal bearings) bushings, bolts and nuts to secure the wheel and truck to the deck’s bottom.

Some decks had plastic components like the tail, side or nose guards.

DECK

what is skateboard deck?
Skateboard Deck

Modern decks can vary in size; however, most have seven up to 10.5 inches in width. Decks with greater width can be used to increase stability while skating. Skateboard decks that are standard are typically in the range of 28 to 33 inches in length. The deck’s underside can be printed with designs at the producer’s request or left blank or decorated with any other method.

The longboard is generally longer than 36 inches long. These plastic penny boards are usually around 22 inches long. The larger ones that exceed 27 inches long are called “nickel” boards.

A standard version of the Skateboard, the longboard is used for speedier and rough surface boarding and is also more expensive. “Old schools” boards (made between the 1970s and 1980s or modern boards that imitate their design) are typically larger and usually have just one kicktail. Many 1970s-era boards lack concavity or even no concavity.

Grip Tape

what is skateboard grip tape?
Skateboard Grip Tape

Grip tape is a piece of fabric or paper with adhesive on one side and a smooth surface like fine sandpaper. Made of rubber is also available. This grip tape has gained popularity because it does not cause any damage to skate shoes.typically applied on a board to help the rider grip the surface and perform tricks.

the tape is typically black but can also be found in other colors, such as red, yellow, checkered, and clear. Grip tape often has die-cut designs to show the color of a board or the company logo. Grip tape can accumulate dirt and other substances that inhibit grip. After riding in mud or with dirty shoes, it is important to use a rubber eraser or grip eraser.

Trucks

skateboard truck
Skateboard Truck

Two pieces of metal, usually made from aluminum alloy trucks, are attached to the deck. These connect the wheels to the deck and the bearings. Two other parts make up the trucks.

The truck’s top is attached to the deck. It is known as the baseplate. Below is the Hanger. The Hanger runs the axle. The cushioning mechanism that turns the Skateboard is provided by the bushings between the baseplate (also known as rubbers or grommets).

The rubbers cushion the truck as it turns. The more rigid the bushings are, the less resistant the Skateboard is to turning. However, it’s easier to control. The board will turn more easily if the bushings are softened, but it will be harder to control. There are many types of bushings. They come in different shapes and urethane formulations. These parts are held together by a bolt, the Kingpin. It fits in the bushings.

The Kingpin’s nuts can be tightened or loosened to allow for greater turning and stability. A 3/8-24 UNF is the standard kingpin nuts. The pivot is a rod that fits into the baseplate’s corresponding seat. It determines the position of the Hanger relative to the baseplate.

The pivot prevents the Hanger’s rotation around the Kingpin. The pivot must allow some movement around bushings, so it is not an exact fit. A pivot cup is a part made of plastic that fills the space between the pivot’s seat and the baseplate. It helps in centering the pivot. To ensure smooth turning, the pivot cup should be lubricated regularly.

An axle width similar to the deck that it will be used with should be chosen. A 7.75-inch (19.7 cm) wide deck can be fitted to trucks with axles between 7.5 inches (19.1 cm) and 8.0 inches (20.3 cm). Standard truck axle nuts are 5/16-24 UNF. The “jam” style has an optional nylon lock.

skateboard trucks
Skateboard Truck

Too wide trucks can make it difficult to do tricks and get in the way of the Skateboard when ridden. Too small trucks can reduce stability and cause wheel bite when turning.

These trucks are designed for longboards and are relatively new. Longboard trucks have the Kingpin at a wider angle to the deck (usually between 38-50 degrees). This allows for greater turning power and the same tilt of the deck. Longboard trucks often have a reverse arrangement of kingpins, with the kingpins facing inward.

Wheels

skateboard wheels
skateboard wheels

The wheels are made from polyurethane and come in many sizes and shapes to suit different types and styles of skating. Larger diameters (55-85mm, 2.17-3.35inches) is faster and can be used for transition skating. The smaller diameters (48.5-54mm, 1.89-2.13inches) keep the board closer to the ground and allow for faster acceleration.

They also produce a lower center point, which results in a quicker response time and a faster top speed. These wheels are more suitable for street skating. There are many hardness options for wheels, usually measured using the Shore durometer A scale. Similar to car tires, the wheels come in a variety of harnesses.

Any wheels marked 101A or higher on the A scale stops at 100. They are therefore harder but don’t use the durometer scale. Manufacturers of wheels now use the “B” or “D” scales. These have a wider and more precise range of hardness.

Street skaters today prefer medium-sized wheels (usually 51-54mm or 2.1-2.13 inches) because smaller wheels with lighter trucks make tricks such as flip flops and other tricks easier. This is because the board’s center of gravity is closer to the deck, making it easier to spin.

Street wheels are more difficult (A 100/A 101). Vertical ramp, also known as “vert”, requires larger wheels (usually 55-65mm or 2.17-2.56inches) because it involves higher speeds. Vert wheels are usually slightly softer (A 99/ A 98), which allows them to maintain a high speed on ramps while not sliding. Slalom skating needs larger wheels to maintain the fastest speeds (60-75mm or 2.36-2.95 in).

To make tight turns in slalom racing, they must be soft and better grip. Longboarding and downhill skating require larger wheels. The sizes range from 60 to 100mm (2.36 to 3.99 inches). These wheels are almost always made of hard plastic cores that can be thinner or lighter than a standard polyurethane.

skateboard wheels

These wheels are popular among skateboard videographers because they make minimal noise and can rollover any terrain.

Your riding performance is also affected by the shape of your skateboard wheels. Square Lips Shape is best for cruising, carving and slalom riding. It provides excellent grip while turning, particularly when you turn. Round-lip wheels are ideal for power slides and other tricks.

Bearings

Skateboard bearings
Source: Amazon

Two ball bearings are used to mount each skateboard wheel on its axle. The bearings are standard size 608 with an 8 mm bore (or 10 mm depending on which axle), an outer diameter of 22 mm (0.866inches) and a width of 7 mm (0.2776 inches).

They are typically made from steel, but silicon nitride (a high-tech ceramic) is occasionally used. Many skateboard bearings can be rated according to the ABEC scale. The lowest starting point is ABEC1, followed by 3, 5, 7 and 9.

The common misconception is that higher ABEC ratings are better for skating. However, the ABEC rating does not measure tolerances which may not apply to skateboards. How well the bearings have been maintained will determine how good they perform. Bearing maintenance includes cleaning and lubricating them regularly.

Bearings that are not maintained will have reduced performance and eventually need to be replaced. There are many bearing cleaning products on the market. The ABEC rating doesn’t determine the durability or speed of a skateboard bearing.

The ABEC rating does not indicate how well a bearing can handle axial loads (side-to-side), common in skateboard applications.

Many companies don’t display the ABEC rating. Bones Bearings makes skateboard bearings and is often marketed as “Skate Rated”. Most bearings contain seven steel or ceramic bearing ball. However, other configurations can be used.

Hardware

skateboard hardware

Installing hardware is a set of eight 10-32 UNF bolts. These bolts are usually an Allen or Philips head and matching nylon locks. These bolts are used to attach trucks and any other type of riser to the board. One bolt indicates which side of the Skateboard is the nose.

Some sets come with various colored bolts. Many lengths of hardware are available for mounting trucks without or with risers.

Other important Components

Shock Pads

Shock pads can be made from rubber or polyurethane. Although they look very similar to risers, shock pads are rubber and polyurethane. Their sole purpose is to protect the board from trucks. The trucks are made of metal, and the boards are made from wood. When the board hits the ground, energy is transferred through the truck to it. Boards can crack, split or break in half. To prevent this, shock pads were designed.

Risers/ Wedges

Risers increase space between the truck’s deck and the truck. This allows the truck’s wheels to turn more freely without creating wheel bite when the wheel touches a deck and stops rotating. You can use a wedge to modify the turning characteristic of a truck’s truck. 

Ribs/Rails

Rails, also known as ribs, are thin strips of metal or plastic attached to the deck along its edges. They are used to grab the deck and enhance the slide. Provide a consistent feel for sliding since the paint and varnish on the bottom of regular skateboards will wear down the slides. They are rarely used but are very useful for skilled skaters capable of grabbing.

Slip tape

Slip tape is a fine piece of self-adhesive vinyl that sticks to the deck’s underside. This protects the graphics on the board and allows it to slide more easily. This is also known as ever slick.

Lapper

The lapper is a protective plastic cover that attaches to the rear truck. It protects the Kingpin during grinding. The lapper prevents hang-ups and smoothens the truck’s transition when encountering an obstacle, a round bar or metal pipe.

Nose Guard

The nose guard, a bumper made of plastic that protects the front of a skateboard’s front, was once very popular. However, it is only used on older models.

Tail Guard/Skid plate

The tail guard, also known as a “skid plate”, was attached to the underside tail end. It protected it from any maneuvers that could wear the wood (commonly called razor tail) and increased the tail’s longevity. These were made mostly of plastic and became less popular with the introduction of two-tail boards, which became more popular in the 1990s.

Tail Divel

A “tail Devil” is a sparking device made from flint placed on either the tail or the nose of the Skateboard to create a sparkling effect. This is visible mainly after dark when the nose or tail scrapes against the ground.

Copers

The trucks’ axles were protected by plastic half-tube. Some people used shopping cart handles as a coper during the 1980-1985 period.

Conclusion

So we discussed all Skateboard that what is Skateboard, and the history of Skateboard. In this article, I tried my best to clearly explain all things about Skateboard, its structure and specification. This article is written after some great research and efforts, so I hope you will learn about Skateboard.


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John Lashley
By John Lashley

I am John Lashley from United States. Content writer at Boarding Vela. I’m bored sports enthusiast. I’ve been skateboarding streets since I was about 10. Also I’ve experimented with longboarding & downhill. As to this site my goal is to help beginner riders to find the right equipment and everything about Skateboarding. Everything that I write here is my own opinion



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