Snowboarding is a winter activity that involves climbing the slope, which is enveloped in snow. As you stand on a board attached to the feet of a rider, with a specially-designed boot set to a mounted binding.
The development of Snowboarding was influenced by sledding, skateboarding, skiing, and surfing. It was first developed within the United States in the 1960s through the 1970s before becoming an official Winter Olympic Sport in 1998.
The sport has been in existence since the 1920s when young boys and even men would tie wooden planks of wood on barrels and then their shoes by using ropes and reins for horses to guide themselves down slopes.
Modern Snowboarding was introduced in 1965 when Sherman Poppen, an engineer from Muskegon, Michigan, invented a game for his young daughter.
It was made by attaching two skis and securing a rope on the other end to allow her to feel a bit more in control while she sat on the board while gliding downhill.
Below are the main types of Snowboarding.
Also known as ‘all mountain Snowboarding. It’s the process of developing a style that allows you to carve, ride and jump over any terrain. For beginners, it is possible to start by learning the freeriding method since it is primarily focused on the fun of the ride, not being technical.
The most commonly used equipment for freeriding includes soft snowboard boots, plate bindings, and flow-in or strap bindings. Freeriding snowboards tend to be larger boards with a smaller size and deeper sidecut.
This is by far the most well-known kind of Snowboarding due to its excitement and the tricks that are part of it.
Freestyle focuses on jumps tricks, rail slides, jumps half pipes, switch riding, and rail slides. It is more suited to professional skaters as the moves tend to be aerial.
Snowboarders wear softer boots to decrease weight, making it easier to maneuver in the air. Snowboards are smaller, thinner, lighter, and more delicate, with the tip and tail identical in form.
Free Carve Snowboarding
Also called Alpine Snowboarding, it focuses on speed and the most thrilling carving turn of Snowboarding.
Free carve can be found on groomed and challenging pack trails and involves minimal or no jumping. However, it requires a lot of endurance and focus.
Free carve snowboarding is an activity that is held during the Olympics and requires the participant to navigate through poles and gates. Free carve snowboards tend to be larger, broader, and more rigid to give stability and edge-holding capabilities for fast descents.
They are plates binding snowboard boots like ski boots, but they are less stiff on the ankles.
Split boarding Snowboarding
Riders can be Ski and Snowboarding using the same equipment, called split boarding. A split board is the same shape and design as a regular snowboard but is designed to break into two pieces to be used as skis.
The snowboard has the ‘ride mode’ and ski mode interface that allows the user to change quickly. The switch takes just between 1 and 2 minutes.
It is accomplished by unlocking the tails and tips of the board and transferring the bindings from ski mode to ride mode. The next step is to put on the climbing skins attached to the sides of the board and then begin the skinning process.
To switch the board back into riding mode requires similar steps, only in reverse. The dual function of the split board enables the rider to ascend the slopes as the skier while riding downhill as a snowboarder.
Split boards offer the ability to glide, flotation, and comfort when you carry a backpack. One of the most distinctive features includes the climbing skins on the bottom of the split boards, which ensures traction climbing up the mountain.
If you’re unsure about what type of snowboard you should choose. Start with freeriding to get used to the sensation of Snowboarding.
Before purchasing any equipment, determine what kind of snowboarder you are or are interested in becoming.
Styles of Snowboarding
Below are the major types of Snowboarding.
This type of technique includes performing tricks with surfaces that are not standard. The jokes and moves are evident in the name itself, ‘jib, “which as a verb refers to metal rails. Boxes as well as benches, concrete ledges, vehicles, walls, rocks, and logs.
It is a verb that means moving, sliding, and jumping over objects. It’s freestyle snowboarding that takes place not just on snow but in urban settings too.
Rail Jam is a significant JIB event that sees riders will perform tricks on boxes, rails, pipes, walls, as well as other fun elements. The scoring is performed in a jam-style format where participants can do the number of rides they wish within the specified timeframe.
This type of trick is performed by performing tricks when moving downhill on the course. The course is usually packed with obstacles like rails, boxes, jibs, jumps, and other obstacles.
The slopestyle competitions allow participants to choose their path within a park. To win, riders must choose the most challenging route and perform a smooth sequence of tricks on the obstacles.
Riders who opt for Big Air style. Big Air style performs tricks following the launch of an artificial jump specifically designed to be used.
The riders perform tricks in mid-air while trying to reach a significant height and distance and, finally, an easy landing. Judges are by the length and size during the flight and the difficultness of the tricks they demonstrate in the air.
This kind of dance is performed in the form of a semi-circular ditch that is built into the mountains or a specifically designed ramp made of snow with walls.
Riders do tricks as they move across the pipe from one side to another and while suspended over the pipes’ edges.
Also known as ‘BoarderX as well as ‘SnowboardX, The sport is an undiscovered addition to the world of Snowboarding.
Since 2006 it has been awarded its spot in the official Winter Olympic sport. In Boardercross, a group of athletes race on an identical course to the motocross track on motorcycles.
The course is brimming with obstacles that result in accidents as racers use the same terrain compared to traditional head-to-head races.
Big Mountain is performed on open terrain. Where riders must navigate their ways down the mountain in the most excellent style and challenge.
The competitions for this type of Snowboarding are held on powder snow in areas closed off by resorts or backcountry.
The Snowboard Race requires riders to complete a course downhill comprised of a set of turning indicators that can be described as gates.
They are comprised of a tall and a shorter pole joined by the triangular panels located at a specific space in the snow. The principle is that the rider should go around the sharper edge that is the fence.
There are two forms of snowboard races at the Olympics, including the Parallel Slalom and Parallel Giant Slalom.
For Parallel Slalom, riders race downhill through a series of gates that require precise and swift technical turns. While running against another competitor in the other race.
However, Parallel Giant Slalom is identical to Parallel Slalom. But has a more extensive course comprised of further apart gates and requires more incredible speed.
In this article, we put all information about Snowboarding and hope you will now be capable of knowing what it is Snowboarding? And what are the styles & Types of Snowboarding? This article is written after a lot of research. We hope you will find this helpful.