What is Snowboarding? A complete Guide 2022

What is Snowboarding? A complete Guide 2022

Snowboarding is a winter activity that involves climbing the slope, which is enveloped in snow. As you stand on a board attached to the feet of a rider, with a specially-designed boot set to a mounted binding. 

The development of Snowboarding was influenced by sledding, skateboarding, skiing, and surfing. It was first developed within the United States in the 1960s through the 1970s before becoming an official Winter Olympic Sport in 1998.

The sport has been in existence since the 1920s when young boys and even men would tie wooden planks of wood on barrels and then their shoes by using ropes and reins for horses to guide themselves down slopes. 

Modern Snowboarding was introduced in 1965 when Sherman Poppen, an engineer from Muskegon, Michigan, invented a game for his young daughter. 

It was made by attaching two skis and securing a rope on the other end to allow her to feel a bit more in control while she sat on the board while gliding downhill.

Snowboarding Types

Below are the main types of Snowboarding.

Freeriding Snowboarding

freeride snowboarding

Also known as ‘all mountain Snowboarding. It’s the process of developing a style that allows you to carve, ride and jump over any terrain. For beginners, it is possible to start by learning the freeriding method since it is primarily focused on the fun of the ride, not being technical.

The most commonly used equipment for freeriding includes soft snowboard boots, plate bindings, and flow-in or strap bindings. Freeriding snowboards tend to be larger boards with a smaller size and deeper sidecut.

Freestyle Snowboarding

freestyle snowboarding

This is by far the most well-known kind of Snowboarding due to its excitement and the tricks that are part of it. 

Freestyle focuses on jumps tricks, rail slides, jumps half pipes, switch riding, and rail slides. It is more suited to professional skaters as the moves tend to be aerial. 

Snowboarders wear softer boots to decrease weight, making it easier to maneuver in the air. Snowboards are smaller, thinner, lighter, and more delicate, with the tip and tail identical in form.

Free Carve Snowboarding

freecarve snowboarding

Also called Alpine Snowboarding, it focuses on speed and the most thrilling carving turn of Snowboarding. 

Free carve can be found on groomed and challenging pack trails and involves minimal or no jumping. However, it requires a lot of endurance and focus.

Free carve snowboarding is an activity that is held during the Olympics and requires the participant to navigate through poles and gates. Free carve snowboards tend to be larger, broader, and more rigid to give stability and edge-holding capabilities for fast descents. 

They are plates binding snowboard boots like ski boots, but they are less stiff on the ankles.

Split boarding Snowboarding

split boarding

Riders can be Ski and Snowboarding using the same equipment, called split boarding. A split board is the same shape and design as a regular snowboard but is designed to break into two pieces to be used as skis.

The snowboard has the ‘ride mode’ and ski mode interface that allows the user to change quickly. The switch takes just between 1 and 2 minutes. 

It is accomplished by unlocking the tails and tips of the board and transferring the bindings from ski mode to ride mode. The next step is to put on the climbing skins attached to the sides of the board and then begin the skinning process. 

To switch the board back into riding mode requires similar steps, only in reverse. The dual function of the split board enables the rider to ascend the slopes as the skier while riding downhill as a snowboarder.

Split boards offer the ability to glide, flotation, and comfort when you carry a backpack. One of the most distinctive features includes the climbing skins on the bottom of the split boards, which ensures traction climbing up the mountain.

If you’re unsure about what type of snowboard you should choose. Start with freeriding to get used to the sensation of Snowboarding. 

Before purchasing any equipment, determine what kind of snowboarder you are or are interested in becoming.

Styles of Snowboarding

Below are the major types of Snowboarding.

Jibbing

jibbing

This type of technique includes performing tricks with surfaces that are not standard. The jokes and moves are evident in the name itself, ‘jib, “which as a verb refers to metal rails. Boxes as well as benches, concrete ledges, vehicles, walls, rocks, and logs. 

It is a verb that means moving, sliding, and jumping over objects. It’s freestyle snowboarding that takes place not just on snow but in urban settings too.

Rail Jam is a significant JIB event that sees riders will perform tricks on boxes, rails, pipes, walls, as well as other fun elements. The scoring is performed in a jam-style format where participants can do the number of rides they wish within the specified timeframe.

Slope Style

slope style
COPPER MOUNTAIN, COLORADO – DECEMBER 16: Xuetong Cai of Team China competes in the women’s snowboard superpipe qualifier during day 2 of the Dew Tour at Copper Mountain on December 16, 2021 in Copper Mountain, Colorado. (Photo by Ezra Shaw/Getty Images)

This type of trick is performed by performing tricks when moving downhill on the course. The course is usually packed with obstacles like rails, boxes, jibs, jumps, and other obstacles. 

The slopestyle competitions allow participants to choose their path within a park. To win, riders must choose the most challenging route and perform a smooth sequence of tricks on the obstacles.

Big Air

big air snowboarding

Riders who opt for Big Air style. Big Air style performs tricks following the launch of an artificial jump specifically designed to be used. 

The riders perform tricks in mid-air while trying to reach a significant height and distance and, finally, an easy landing. Judges are by the length and size during the flight and the difficultness of the tricks they demonstrate in the air.

Half-Pipe

half pipe snowboarding
Hikaru Oe, Japan, Womens Snowboard halfpipe Qualifications at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics on the 11th February 2018 in Phoenix Snow Park in South Korea © Sam Mellish

This kind of dance is performed in the form of a semi-circular ditch that is built into the mountains or a specifically designed ramp made of snow with walls. 

Riders do tricks as they move across the pipe from one side to another and while suspended over the pipes’ edges.

Boarder Cross

boarder cross

Also known as ‘BoarderX as well as ‘SnowboardX, The sport is an undiscovered addition to the world of Snowboarding. 

Since 2006 it has been awarded its spot in the official Winter Olympic sport. In Boardercross, a group of athletes race on an identical course to the motocross track on motorcycles. 

The course is brimming with obstacles that result in accidents as racers use the same terrain compared to traditional head-to-head races.

Big Mountain

Big Mountain is performed on open terrain. Where riders must navigate their ways down the mountain in the most excellent style and challenge. 

The competitions for this type of Snowboarding are held on powder snow in areas closed off by resorts or backcountry.

Snowboard Racing

The Snowboard Race requires riders to complete a course downhill comprised of a set of turning indicators that can be described as gates. 

They are comprised of a tall and a shorter pole joined by the triangular panels located at a specific space in the snow. The principle is that the rider should go around the sharper edge that is the fence.

There are two forms of snowboard races at the Olympics, including the Parallel Slalom and Parallel Giant Slalom. 

For Parallel Slalom, riders race downhill through a series of gates that require precise and swift technical turns. While running against another competitor in the other race. 

However, Parallel Giant Slalom is identical to Parallel Slalom. But has a more extensive course comprised of further apart gates and requires more incredible speed.

Conclusion

In this article, we put all information about Snowboarding and hope you will now be capable of knowing what it is Snowboarding? And what are the styles & Types of Snowboarding? This article is written after a lot of research. We hope you will find this helpful.


Share post on
John Lashley
By John Lashley

I am John Lashley from United States. Content writer at Boarding Vela. I’m bored sports enthusiast. I’ve been skateboarding streets since I was about 10. Also I’ve experimented with longboarding & downhill. As to this site my goal is to help beginner riders to find the right equipment and everything about Skateboarding. Everything that I write here is my own opinion



Boarding Vela is reader-supported. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission.

Social Links

Can Skateboarding Cause Lower Back Pain BLOG

Can Skateboarding Cause Lower Back Pain

Skateboarding is a popular activity among adolescents and young adults, but it is also...

By Sammy Ekaran
What is The Difference Between A Pro Skateboard and A Beginner Skateboard? BLOG

What is The Difference Between A Pro Skateboard and A Beginner Skateboard?

When a person is first starting to skateboard, they may not know the difference...

By Sammy Ekaran
What to Do if Your Skateboard Turns its Own? BLOG

What to Do if Your Skateboard Turns its Own?

In the past decade, skateboards have been turning on their own, much to the...

By Sammy Ekaran
How To Remove The Wheel Locks On A Skateboard With A Drill? BLOG

How To Remove The Wheel Locks On A Skateboard With A Drill?

If you've ever been skateboarding, you know that one of the most annoying things...

By Sammy Ekaran
What Is Skateboarding Learning? BLOG

What Is Skateboarding Learning?

Skateboarding is a unique sport that can be enjoyed by people of all ages....

By Sammy Ekaran
How To Remove Stuck Bearings From Skateboard? BLOG

How To Remove Stuck Bearings From Skateboard?

If you're a skateboarder, you know that one of the most frustrating things that...

By Sammy Ekaran
How To Remove Rust From Skateboard Bearings? (Easy Methods) BLOG

How To Remove Rust From Skateboard Bearings? (Easy Methods)

If you are a skateboarder, you know how important it is to keep your...

By Sammy Ekaran
How to Remove the Truck From Skateboard? (Easiest Methods) BLOG

How to Remove the Truck From Skateboard? (Easiest Methods)

A skateboard is a short board that typically measures 28-32 inches long and 7-10...

By Sammy Ekaran

Latest Posts

Can Skateboarding Cause Lower Back Pain BLOG

Can Skateboarding Cause Lower Back Pain

Skateboarding is a popular activity among adolescents and young adults, but it is also...

By Sammy Ekaran
What is The Difference Between A Pro Skateboard and A Beginner Skateboard? BLOG

What is The Difference Between A Pro Skateboard and A Beginner Skateboard?

When a person is first starting to skateboard, they may not know the difference...

By Sammy Ekaran
What to Do if Your Skateboard Turns its Own? BLOG

What to Do if Your Skateboard Turns its Own?

In the past decade, skateboards have been turning on their own, much to the...

By Sammy Ekaran
How To Remove The Wheel Locks On A Skateboard With A Drill? BLOG

How To Remove The Wheel Locks On A Skateboard With A Drill?

If you've ever been skateboarding, you know that one of the most annoying things...

By Sammy Ekaran
What Is Skateboarding Learning? BLOG

What Is Skateboarding Learning?

Skateboarding is a unique sport that can be enjoyed by people of all ages....

By Sammy Ekaran
How To Remove Stuck Bearings From Skateboard? BLOG

How To Remove Stuck Bearings From Skateboard?

If you're a skateboarder, you know that one of the most frustrating things that...

By Sammy Ekaran
How To Remove Rust From Skateboard Bearings? (Easy Methods) BLOG

How To Remove Rust From Skateboard Bearings? (Easy Methods)

If you are a skateboarder, you know how important it is to keep your...

By Sammy Ekaran
How to Remove the Truck From Skateboard? (Easiest Methods) BLOG

How to Remove the Truck From Skateboard? (Easiest Methods)

A skateboard is a short board that typically measures 28-32 inches long and 7-10...

By Sammy Ekaran